Prevention is Better than Cure.
These days, Indoor air pollution is a major concern to our health; in this article, we learn How Can Indoor Air Pollution be Prevented? and maintain a healthy atmosphere around us. We spend our maximum time in indoor areas like office, workplace, school, or home. And we know that indoor air is much polluted as compared to outdoor.
Healthy indoor air is vital for better health, productivity, and good sleep. As we know the importance of good indoor air quality, we must understand the factors that can contaminate our indoor air.
Indoor air pollutants are difficult to identify with the naked eye because of their small size, up to 0.03 micron. Some pollutants are odorless, colorless, and tasteless, so we cannot feel them easily until they affect our health.
Here we enlisted some common indoor air pollutants according to their size, properties, and chronic health effects to understand how difficult it is to diagnose them and how indoor air pollution can be prevented?
Common Indoor Pollutants
15 Simple Tips to Prevent Indoor Air Pollution
Now the question is! How can indoor air pollution be prevented to save our family, selves even our pets from these chronic pollutants? Some pollutants we bring from outside ourselves, but mostly breed inside the home. We slightly change our lifestyle; it’s not difficult to only adopt these 15 simple tips to overcome this problem.
1 – Mechanically ventilation system
Just opening a window is not enough for ventilation; it cannot extract the condensed air. When fresh air does not enter the home, the existing air becomes stale that is ideal for air-born bacteria’s breeding. We need a proper mechanical cross-ventilation system to minimize indoor air pollution like exhaust or duct fans. When stale air is exhausted, the floating pollutants also move outside, and fresh air come inside that maintain humidity level and keep us safe and healthy.
2 – Avoid fossil fuels
Our kitchen activities add a great share to our indoor air pollutants; biomass fuel, wood, and coal produce a high level of smoke and gases that contains a high level of health-threatening pollutants like second-hand smoke, Co2, No2. Electric stoves are the best replacement for the prevention of indoor air pollution.
3 – VOC’s free products
Volatile organic compounds from air fresheners, perfumes, nail polish, venial, furnishing materials are hazardous chemical compounds. VOCs are carbon-containing and highly volatile properties that can seriously affect our health. From VOC’s, we can face the following issues.
- Eye, throat, and neck irritation
- Visual disorder
- Memory impairment
4 – Smoke-free policy
Nowadays, the worldwide smoking rate is 22%, which is very high; we are badly affected by second-hand smoke or third-hand smoke in our homes and working areas. Tobacco smoke causes complicated health problems like heart disease, lung cancer, pneumonia, emphysema, bronchitis, and respiratory irritation.
To minimize the risk factors of 2nd hand or 3rd hand tobacco smoke, keep your living and working areas smoke-free. Furthermore, you can use HEPA Filter Air Purifiers to reduce the risk of smoke.
5 – Controlled humidity level
Keep your home dry; humidity levels increase through wet surfaces and airtight spaces, especially in basements. In a high level of humidity, air-borne bacteria, viruses, fungi breed rapidly and float easily. Through breath, we inhale them, and these microbes cause several diseases.
6 –Radon free building materials
Radon is a radioactive gas that contains alpha and beta particles. Radon gas travels to our homes or buildings through building materials, water supplies, cracks, and gaps. If we cannot overcome these radon sources, how can indoor air pollution be prevented? Due to its properties (colorless, odorless) is difficult to identify. Moreover, it’s a hazardous gas; radon exposure can cause lung cancer.
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7 – Ozone free appliances
Ground-level ozone is another dangerous gas that becomes a toxin when it reacts with Nitrogen Oxides and VOCs under sunlight and stagnant air. Due to its colorless and odorless properties, the ozone in the indoor environment could be a major factor affecting our health. Ozone can because some serious problems like Throat irritation, chest pain, shortness of breath, asthmatic attacks. The indoor ozone in residential buildings mainly comes from two sources:
The outdoor atmosphere and indoor ozone produced by electrical appliances, especially in offices like photocopy machines, scanners, printers, and faxes. In summer, ozone outdoor sources are much greater than indoor, but it reversed our electrical appliances to produce more ozone in winter. We cannot minimize electrical appliance usage, but before a purchase check, it must be ozone-free to control indoor air pollution.
8 – Less exposure to EMF
The electromagnetic field (EMF) exists everywhere around us. EMF is a type of radiation that spread through mobile phone signals, electrical appliances, generators, solar cells, transformers, and many other sources. Exposure to EMF can because cell-damaging, cancer, sleep disturbance, headache, stress, depression, and some other critical health issues. Low EMF emitting appliances are good to control indoor air pollution.
9 – Use a proper stove and range hood
Cooking or frying is part of our daily activities; we spend a specific time on kitchen activities. Cheap stoves or improper setting of a burner can because major indoor air pollution. Without range hood, if we cook or fry some food, harmful substances produce and spread throughout the home. It’s a critical situation; ensure range hood fan vents the air outdoor to prevent indoor air pollution.
10- Use HEPA filter contains a vacuum cleaner
A simple vacuum cleaner cannot be capture micropollutants, dust mites, and other tiny particles. To prevent the breeding of dust mites, an air purifier that contains a HEPA filter is best. There are many budget air purifiers available that don’t break your bank.
11 – Avoid carpets
Carpets provide a safe place for different pollutants to hide and breed like mold spores, dust mites, dander, allergens, lead, and small particles. Avoid carpets as much as possible or vacuum those regularly with HEPA vacuum cleaner.
12 – Pets bathing
We cannot neglect the importance of pets in our lives, but we face health problems with pets, especially cats and dogs when they fall hair and dander in our living areas. Pet’s hairs or dander triggered proteins found in an animal’s skin cells, saliva, or urine. Pet’s allergy causes fever, such as sneezing and runny nose.
Furthermore, some people may also affect asthma, such as wheezing and breathing problem. Regularly Fido bath is helpful to indoor air pollution prevention through pets. Twice a week gentle bath for pets is good practice to reduce pollutants produced by pets.
13 – Avoid water leakage
Wet surfaces are ideal for insect breeding. Water leakages mostly occur in the kitchen or bathroom from water fittings and drain pipes. Inspect regularly and stopped any leakage immediately is helpful to control indoor air pollution and maintain humidity level.
14 – Scheduled filter replacement
If you have some heating and cooling HAVC system or an air purifier, you must replace their filter at a scheduled time. Sometimes filters may be replaced before the scheduled time due to extra smoke and dust.
So, if filters are chocked completely and cannot be changed, these appliances add a major part of contaminants to indoor air. Always use genuine filters for the prevention of indoor air pollution.
15 – Maintain hygiene
Hygiene environments play a vital role in maintaining indoor air pollution prevention. If we live in a contaminated environment, how can indoor air pollution be prevented? A hygiene lifestyle can save us from various contaminants. Proper cleaning of floors, vacuuming, and washing of beddings in hot water prevents the breeding of dust mites and insects.
By following the above-mentioned tips, you can maintain your indoor air quality without spending extra money. Nature provides us clean air to breathe. Still, because of our common mistakes, we contaminate our air. Now it’s our responsibility to clean our atmosphere and provide our family clean & healthy air to breathe.
Hoping this article about how can indoor air pollution be prevented helped you a lot. So, take these 15 easy steps and enjoy much better indoor air.